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Beneficial Ownership Registration of all Small Businesses Now Required


Beginning January 1, 2024, almost all small businesses in the United States are required to report all owners of the business to the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). This new requirement is part of a law enacted by Congress in 2021 called the Corporate Transparency Act.  It affects LLCs, S corps, partnerships, and small corporations.  The purpose of the report is to identify business owners/shareholders/members who own at least 25% of the business. The reporting requires name, address, and social security number or other identifying information. Also, a copy of the owner’s driver’s license or passport must be uploaded.  The documents must be current and not expired. Companies that are formed on or after January 1, 2024, will also have to identify the company applicant as well as the owner. The company applicant is the person responsible for the formation of the company.

BOI reports must be filed electronically on FinCEN’s secure filing system. The website for filing and more information is available at

The report is not annual, it is once only. Then if ownership changes, the report will have to be updated. The initial due date for companies that already exist as of January 1, 2024, is January 1, 2025. Companies that are formed in 2024, have to report within 90 days of formation of the company. If your company is created or registered on or after January 1, 2025, it will have 30 calendar days from formation to file its initial BOI report.

Non-compliance with this registration requirement could result in civil penalties of $500 per day of non-compliance, criminal penalties including imprisonment for up to two years, and/or a fine of up to $10,000. Non-compliance can also include providing false identifying information.

Some entities are exempt from this requirement. For example, investment companies, banks, financial institutions, and large operating companies. The completed exempt listing is on the FinCEN website.

If you need assistance in completing this registration, contact your accounting firm. They have the expertise and knowledge to help you out.

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